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Feature Article: Holding Headings
A pilot (not a student) is expected to hold a heading. The
PTS allows a + 10 degree or 20 degree range. It is a mistake
to be accepting of this range. Successful flying is most dependent
upon acquiring and holding a heading, not a range of headings.
Success in holding a heading is dependent upon a pilot's ability
to 'hold' the yoke in one position while attention and movement
is directed elsewhere. It doesn't come easily or cheaply but
it is there to be achieved. Rudder alone will do the best job.
Turning to a heading is another much sought skill. The variables
in a turn far exceed those in level flight headings. The turn
has the angle of the bank, anticipation of yoke pressures, and
airspeed as factors. The quality of the turn is measured by the
pilot's ability to determine when to begin rolling the wings
level, when to stop at level, and most of all how to keep it
there during the transition. For every degree of bank and airspeed
we must learn what to do and when to do it.
Other opinions to the contrary, the thirty-degree bank is
the safest and most controllable bank. The turn can be cleared
and completed in a minimal time. The established bank is quite
stable in comparison with others. Making a standard bank procedure
develops a sense of turn time and direction that is easily adapted
to airport patterns. This stability can be demonstrated by entering
a 30-degree bank, putting in about 1/2 turn of trim to hold the
nose and then holding the bank with light rudder. It will hold
both bank and altitude better than in any other banked condition.
The preferred method of recovering from a bank to a selected
heading is to begin recover at half the number of degrees in
the bank. A thirty-degree bank's recovery will begin at 15 degrees
before the desired heading. These markings are easily observed
on the heading indicator. With some adjustment in the recovery
rate this method will work for all banks. In the real instrument
(IFR) world the standard-rate turn (3-degrees per second) recovery
can be done quite quickly without regard to any rule.
Last Modified March 20, ©2018 TAGE.COM