Home About ATC Exam Library Kudos Contact

We Help You Pass
Our free online study guide really works. You can study for your FAA private pilot ground school exam right now. For more info about the 4VFR.COM project, click here. You can find a daily update log here.

Live ATC Audio Streams
Tune into live air traffic control frequencies from North America. This feature requires Real player. Start listening to ATC now!

Reference Library
Our glossary lists and databases have grown quickly. I am working to create an on-line reference library to tie together all the loose ends. You can check out what is currently available in the library

FAA Practice Exam - New!
Introducing our newly enhanced practice exam. Now with figures!. Take a test a day for a week, and I guarantee you will do better on your exam. Get Started Now!

Show your support for 4VFR.COM - Link us. Bookmark us. Tell your mother about us. Press CTRL-D to bookmark this site now!. Check out one of our proposed T-Shirt Designs.

exams to date

Feature Article: Ground Procedures - Taxiing Renewal

By the time we solo we should be using power and brakes with great restraint. Minimum power required to move at a good pace and smooth additions for sharp turns. Brakes only for turning and stopping. The yoke should always be hard over and all the way forward or back. No partial movements while taxiing. Practice yoke movements at all times regardless of wind so that you will respond quickly and appropriately when real wind problems exist. The control deflection of the ailerons and elevators were designed to move as far as they do more for taxiing than for flying. According to the new uniform signs of airports, airplanes must hold so that no part of the airplane passes beyond the sign or a line.

There are several different nose-wheel and braking design combinations that require slightly differing techniques. The Grumman Americans have a free castering nose-wheel and use differential braking for steering. The Piper nose-wheel is directly linked with the rudder. In the air or on the ground, when you move the rudder you move the nose-wheel. The rudder pedals have a rocking action that allows the application of both positive turn movement using direct linkage by moving the foot and differential braking by using the toe.. Don't move the rudder during preflight.

The Cessna nose-wheel and rudder are spring linked to the rudder pedals until the nose-wheel strut is fully extended. Once in the air the Cessna nosewheel hangs free and aligns itself with the relative wind. On landing there is no steering with the nose wheel until the strut is depressed. A normal turn is first initiated by fully depressing the foot. This places tension on the spring linkage and pulls the nose-wheel into the turn rather slowly. The turn radius can be made tighter by using the toe on the brakes. It is important that turns of varying radius be practiced.

Last Modified January 27, ©2023 TAGE.COM

Related Links
Featured Articles
  • S-Turns
  • Aborted Takeoff
  • Spins - A History
  • Crosswind Takeoff
  • Society of Automotive Engineers
  • Shirt Tails
  • My Solos Take Longer
  • Cold Weather
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • What to expect on your first solo
  • Operating Without a MEL (Minimum Equipment List)
  • Reaction and Anticipation
  • Sequence of Decision for Airworthiness
  • Emergency Landing
  • Determining Performance and Limitations

    More Flight Training Articles...

  • Student Kudos
    "4VFR.com rocks!! I love the fact that I can take a short practice test right at my desk while taking a 5 minute break at work! Great idea, great site...look out Gleim, 4VFR.com is going to eat your lunch!"
    - Matt Johnson