We Help You Pass
Our free online study guide really works. You can study for your FAA private pilot ground school exam right now. For more info about the 4VFR.COM project, click here. You can find a daily update log here.
Live ATC Audio Streams
Tune into live air traffic control frequencies from North America. This feature requires Real player. Start listening to ATC now!
Our glossary lists and databases have grown quickly. I am working to create an on-line reference library to tie together all the loose ends. You can check out what is currently available in the library
FAA Practice Exam - New!
Introducing our newly enhanced practice exam. Now with figures!. Take a test a day for a week, and I guarantee you will do better on your exam. Get Started Now!
Show your support for 4VFR.COM - Link us. Bookmark us. Tell your mother about us. Press CTRL-D to bookmark this site now!. Check out one of our proposed T-Shirt Designs.
Feature Article: Judgement of Limitations
The ability of a student to plan a safe flight or flying
activity is determined by his judgment of his limitations. It
is important that the student know what he knows how to do well,
what needs practice for improvement, and what is of uncertain
or unknown nature. The first two regions are his to explore.
The uncertain and unknown should be openly discussed with the
instructor and then incorporated into flight instruction. The
student must not be one who fools himself into getting in positions
where luck is needed for a safe outcome. Judgment is defined
as the ability to see and choose between alternatives. Good judgment
is determined by making the best choice. Instruction shows how
to avoid an accident. The trainee determines whether it happens.
Good instruction enables a student to have the required judgment
to see, avoid, or plan around potentially harmful situations.
Judgment cannot be taught as a separate item. It is acquired
through practice of safe behavior. A student can learn to perceive
and evaluate a situation and choose the option required for a
safe outcome. A safe flight is determined by selecting safe options.
This is the subjective area on a flight test that is part of
The well-trained pilot has reason to be confident but no pilot
can be fooled by training into believe he cannot become overloaded.
The student must believe that the instruction he has received
is both safe and comprehensive. Being solo requires that a student
trust the instructor's judgment. The combined positive judgment
of the student and instructor should give the student a right
to feel confident in the ability to perform safely and proficiently.
As an instructor, I do not teach to the minimum level of safety
and proficiency. I try to teach to a level where the minimums
are exceeded and a reserve is available to the student sufficient
to handle any unanticipated situation. Beyond that, I expect
a student to exercise good judgment and make the safe decision.
Judgment can be taught.
Communications between instructor and student has nuances
of sense and meanings that are subtler than just words. Concepts,
thoughts, and ideas are difficult to teach using just words.
Words can have different meanings to different people. Words
can have several meanings, words of the same sound have different
meanings, different words having the same sound mean different
things. Use and context may not give correct meanings. Context
can change the connotations of a word and affect interpretation.
These conditions apply to other languages as well. Explained
in this context dual-language students are made more aware of
the potential confusions possible in English.
The instructor who uses the same explanation at ever-increasing
volume is unlikely to improve communications. What a person says,
the words used, and the body movements used in concert can be
in complete contradiction. Facial expressions are most significant.
The hands and arm body language can increase resistance of a
student's acceptance of what you say.
An instructor who resorts to an authoritarian style of instruction
is one who lacks confidence in his ability to release the student
from control. The student is less likely to be allowed to venture
ideas or opinions. My style is built around what I have learned
about the student. I need a close harmonious agreement on objectives
and methods. I plan and build my instruction so that the student
grows confidence and assurance. I want my student to be confident
in my ability as a teacher to guide him over obstacles as they
occur. I adjust my program to reduce problems and will back and
fill basic skills as the need occurs.
The student and instructor of today are in a period of information
overload since the advent of the internet. There are so very
many conflicting and contradictory opinions available with 'authoritative'
bases of fact that even the lawyers avoid opinions. Many of the
conflicts are because of the varied background and training of
those involved. Most pilots are unfamiliar with the vastly different
procedures that are still 'right' because of aircraft design
and capability. There are so many different forms of 'right'
that even those who should know can't be certain.
Last Modified May 24, ©2019 TAGE.COM